Council Regulation (EC) No. 834/2007 and the implementing rules in Commission Regulation (EC) No 889/2008 set out the basic rules covering all aspects of organic food production. These cover the farming practices to be followed, list permitted inputs, and detail the control systems required. Food processing is also covered, as it regulates the processing aids and ingredients used in produce sold as organic.
The Regulation also details the rules on labelling organic produce and the rules for importing organic produce.
Regulation (EC) No 1235/2008 (as amended), lays down the rules for the production and endorsement of the Certificate of Inspection. The Organic Products Regulations 2009 provide powers in the UK for enforcing the requirements of Regulation 1235/2008.